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Thursday, May 19, 2022

The oldest animal life on Earth was found in Canada: 890 million years outdated


A Canadian paleontologist could have discovered the earliest proof of life on Earth — and it’s a lot older than we thought.

a. and b. present the fossils that Turner believes present proof of sponge life; in contrast with the spongin skeleton of a contemporary sponge, proven in c. Picture credit score: Turner, 2021, Nature CC by 4.0

Life as we all know it took a fairly funky flip round 541 million years in the past. That’s when a interval referred to as the Cambrian emerged, and with it, the so-called Cambrian explosion ushered in virtually all main teams of animals. It lasted for about 25 million years and resulted within the divergence of life as we all know it.

Earlier than the Cambrian explosion, life on Earth was easy and small. It was composed both of particular person cells, or of microscopic, multicellular organisms — or a minimum of so we thought.

Scientists have discovered some proof of animal life present earlier than the Cambrian. Specifically, some sponges (motionless aquatic animals) appear to have emerged earlier than the Cambrian. However how lengthy earlier than it?

In keeping with a latest examine, the primary sponges emerged a whopping 350 million years earlier than the Cambrian — or 890 million years in the past.

“If I’m proper, animals emerged lengthy, lengthy earlier than the primary look of conventional animal fossils,” examine writer Elizabeth Turner instructed Nature. “That will imply there’s a deep again historical past of animals that simply didn’t get preserved very properly.”

The fossils found by Turner, from a distant space of northwestern Canada accessible solely by helicopter, resemble some trendy sponges referred to as keratose demosponges. The researchers dated the layer of rocks during which the sponge fossils have been discovered, a stable evaluation device that leaves little room for query relating to the fossils’ age. The identification as sponges additionally appears fairly clear.

“This natural skeleton could be very attribute [of sponge fossils],” defined geobiologist Joachim Reitner, who reviewed Turner’s examine forward of publication. “[T]right here are usually not recognized comparable constructions.”

However a discovering that might power us to rethink the evolution of life on Earth received’t occur simply, and Turner’s friends are rightfully elevating all kinds of questions relating to the fossils. Some level out that the findings will not be fossils in any respect (however moderately different constructions), whereas others are specializing in one other query: if life emerged a couple of hundred million years earlier than the Cambrian, why haven’t we discovered any fossils of it till this?

In the end, if the discovering is confirmed, it’ll assist us perceive the evolution of life on Earth.

“We’re animals,” Turner stated. “And we’ve got an enormous mind, and we’re able to questioning about stuff, and we surprise how we got here to be. 

“What occurred earlier than, and what was it like? How did it start?” she stated. “That is actually digging into that. I’m shaking up the apple cart.”  

The examine has been printed in Nature.

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