aerial: Of or going down within the air.
Antarctica: A continent largely coated in ice, which sits within the southernmost a part of the world.
Arctic: A area that falls throughout the Arctic Circle. The sting of that circle is outlined because the northernmost level at which the solar is seen on the northern winter solstice and the southernmost level at which the midnight solar could be seen on the northern summer season solstice. The excessive Arctic is that almost all northerly third of this area. It’s a area dominated by snow cowl a lot of the yr.
continent: (in geology) The large land plenty that sit upon tectonic plates. In trendy occasions, there are six established geologic continents: North America, South America, Eurasia, Africa, Australia and Antarctica. In 2017, scientists additionally made the case for one more: Zealandia.
weight loss plan: (n.) The meals and liquids ingested by an animal to supply the diet it must develop and preserve well being. (v.) To undertake a selected food-intake plan. Individuals could undertake a selected weight loss plan for non secular or moral causes, to deal with meals allergy symptoms, to manage their physique weight or to manage a illness resembling hypertension or diabetes.
setting: The sum of all the issues that exist round some organism or the method and the situation these issues create. Setting could consult with the climate and ecosystem through which some animal lives, or, maybe, the temperature and humidity (and even the placement of issues within the neighborhood of an merchandise of curiosity).
freshwater: A noun or adjective that describes our bodies of water with very low concentrations of salt. It’s the kind of water used for ingesting and making up most inland lakes, ponds, rivers and streams, in addition to groundwater.
glacier: A slow-moving river of ice a whole lot or hundreds of meters deep. Glaciers are present in mountain valleys and in addition type components of ice sheets.
international warming: The gradual enhance within the total temperature of Earth’s ambiance as a result of greenhouse impact. This impact is brought on by elevated ranges of carbon dioxide, chlorofluorocarbons and different gases within the air, a lot of them launched by human exercise.
ice sheet: A broad blanket of ice, typically kilometers deep. Ice sheets at the moment cowl most of Antarctica. An ice sheet additionally blankets most of Greenland. Over the last glaciation, ice sheets additionally coated a lot of North America and Europe.
meteorite: A lump of rock or metallic from area that passes by Earth’s ambiance and collides with the bottom.
monitor: To check, pattern or watch one thing, particularly on a daily or ongoing foundation.
penguin: A flightless black-and-white fowl native to the far Southern Hemisphere, particularly Antarctica and its close by islands.
inhabitants: (in biology) A bunch of people from the identical species that lives in the identical space.
precipitation: (in chemistry) The creation of a stable from an answer. This will happen if there’s an excessive amount of of a chemical to dissolve fully into an answer. It additionally generally is a signal that some chemical response is going down. (in meteorology) A time period for water falling from the sky. It may be in any type, from rain and sleet to snow or hail.
rainforest: Dense forest wealthy in biodiversity present in tropical areas with constant heavy rainfall.
satellite tv for pc: A moon orbiting a planet or a car or different manufactured object that orbits some celestial physique in area.
sea degree: The general degree of the ocean over the complete globe when all tides and different short-term adjustments are averaged out.
time-lapse digital camera: A digital camera that takes single photographs of 1 spot at common intervals over a chronic interval. Later, when seen in succession like a film, the photographs present how a location adjustments (or one thing within the picture adjustments its place) over time.
treaty: A proper settlement that two or extra sovereign powers (often international locations or tribal nations) have adopted, giving its provisions the pressure of regulation.
volcano: A spot on Earth’s crust that opens, permitting magma and gases to spew out from underground reservoirs of molten materials. The magma rises by a system of pipes or channels, typically spending time in chambers the place it bubbles with gasoline and undergoes chemical transformations. The floor round a volcano’s opening can develop right into a mound or cone form as successive eruptions ship extra lava onto the floor, the place it cools into laborious rock.